Home Page Home | Search Search | Online Store Store | Donate Donate | RSS Feeds RSS Feeds |  


Sustainable/Recycled Hats


Alaska State Laws Governing Private Possession of Exotic Animals

View Map
View Map

• ALASKA ADMIN. CODE tit. 5. §92.029 - PERMIT FOR POSSESSING LIVE GAME.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, or in AS 16, no person may possess, import, release, export, or assist in importing, releasing, or exporting, live game, unless the person holds a possession permit issued by the department.

(b) The following species, not including a hybrid of a game animal and a species listed in this subsection, may be possessed, imported, exported, bought, sold, or traded without a permit from the department but may not be released into the wild:

Common Name Scientific Name
Chimpanzee Pan spp.
Dog Canis familiaris
Cat Felis catus
Sheep Ovis aries
Goat Capra hircus
Cattle Bos taurus
Oxen Bos spp.
Horse Equus caballus
Guinea pig Cavia porcellus
Reindeer (except feral reindeer) Rangifer tarandus Var.
Llama Lama peruana
Alpaca Lama pacos
One-humped camel Camelus dromedarius
Ass Equus asinus Var.
Mule Equus asinus x caballus
Swine Sus scrofa Var.
European ferret Mustela putorius furo
European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus Var.
White rat Rattus norvegicus Var. albinus
Mice: white, waltzing, singing, Mus musculus Var. shaker, piebald
Fat-tailed gerbil Pachyuromys
Gerbil Gerbillus spp.
Hamster (golden) Mesocricetus auratus
Chinchilla Chinchilla laniger
Cavy Cavia apera
Hedgehog, African Pygmy Erinaceus albiventris
Chicken Gallus gallus Var.
Pigeon Columbia livea Var.
Any Turkey species Subfamily Meleagridinae
Any Pheasant, Junglefowl or Coturnix species Subfamily Phasianinae
Any Guineafowl species Subfamily Numidinae
Canary Serinus canaria Var.
Parrot, parakeet, cockatiel, macaw, and other members of the Family Psittacidae not prohibited by federal or international law Family Psittacidae
Toucan Family Ramphastidae
Any New World Quail species (including Bobwhite) Subfamily Odontophorinae
Mynah Acridotheres spp.
Any Peafowl species Pavo spp.
Any duck, goose, swan, or other migratory waterfowl which the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service determines does not require a federal permit for private ownership
Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar
Button "quail" Family Turnicidae in the order Gruiformes
Any nonvenomous reptile (crocodile, alligator, snake, turtle, or lizard) Class Reptilia
Members of the bird families Fringillidae, Turdidae, Zoster ipidae, Pycnonotidae, Timaliidae, and Ploceidae of non-Holarctic origin.
Members of the bird families Columbidae and Trogonidae of non-nearctic origin.

(c) The department may not issue a permit for the capture, possession, import, or export of any game animal, including a hybrid of a game animal and a species listed in (b) of this section, for use as a pet.

(d) Under this section, and in accordance with the definition of "game" in AS 16.05.940 (which includes feral domestic animals), a

(1) European ferret (Mustela putorius furo), swine (Sus scrofa Var.), or nonindigenous gallinaceous bird is feral if the animal is not under direct control of the owner, including being confined in a cage or other physical structure, or being restrained on a leash; the commissioner may capture, destroy, or dispose of any feral ferret, feral swine, or feral nonindigenous gallinaceous bird in an appropriate manner;

(2) musk oxen, bison, or reindeer that is lawfully owned, or an elk held under a valid game mammal farming license, that is not confined or is not under positive control is feral unless the animal is a free-ranging animal under a state or federal grazing lease; however,

(A) a person who can demonstrate ownership of the animal may pursue and capture the animal within 48 hours after the animal escapes from confinement, without needing to obtain a permit from the department;

(B) a person who can demonstrate ownership of the animal may pursue and capture the animal more than 48 hours after the animal escapes from confinement only if the person obtains a permit from the department;

(C) any free-ranging musk oxen, bison, reindeer, or elk for which ownership cannot be demonstrated is presumed to be game;

(D) for purposes of this paragraph, ownership of an animal can be demonstrated only by means of a clearly visible permanent brand, ear tag, or owner's mark on the body of the animal.

(e) Any of the above species of bird, mammal, or reptile that is endangered may not be held in private ownership without a permit from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

(f) Notwithstanding (b) of this section, the following species may be temporarily released for the purpose of hunting dog or falcon training, field trials, and tests:

(1) Pigeon (Columbia livia Var.);

(2) Pheasant, Jungle Fowl, or Coturnix (Subfamily Phasianinae);

(3) any Guineafowl species (Subfamily Numidinae);

(4) any New World Quail species (including Colinus) (Subfamily Odontophorinae);

(5) any duck, goose, swan, or other migratory waterfowl which the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has determined does not require a federal permit for private ownership;

(6) Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar).

(g) A person using live game listed in (f) of this section for the purpose of hunting dog or falcon training, field trials, or tests

(1) may release the game only on the day of use and shall make reasonable efforts to capture, kill, or recover the temporarily released live game;

(2) may take the live game in connection with hunting dog or falcon training, field trial, and test activities; and

(3) must legally acquire, hold, and dispose of the live game in accordance with all other applicable state statutes and regulations.

(h) Upon application, the board will add a species to the list in (b) of this section if there is clear and convincing evidence that the species

(1) is not capable of surviving in the wild in Alaska;

(2) is not capable of causing a genetic alteration of a species that is indigenous to Alaska;

(3) is not capable of causing a significant reduction in the population of a species that is indigenous to Alaska;

(4) is not capable of transmitting a disease to a species that is indigenous to Alaska; and

(5) does not otherwise present a threat to the health or population of a species that is indigenous to Alaska.

(i) The board will remove a species from the list in (b) of this section, if there is a preponderance of evidence that the species

(1) is capable of surviving in the wild in Alaska;

(2) is capable of causing a genetic alteration of a species that is indigenous to Alaska;

(3) is capable of causing a significant reduction in the population of a species that is indigenous to Alaska;

(4) is capable of transmitting a disease to a species that is indigenous to Alaska; or

(5) otherwise presents a threat to the health or population of a species that is indigenous to Alaska.


• ALASKA STAT. §16.05.940 - Definitions.

In AS 16.05 - AS 16.40

(1) "aquatic plant" means any species of plant, excluding the rushes, sedges and true grasses, growing in a marine aquatic or intertidal habitat;

(2) "barter" means the exchange or trade of fish or game, or their parts, taken for subsistence uses

(A) for other fish or game or their parts; or

(B) for other food or for nonedible items other than money if the exchange is of a limited and noncommercial nature;

(3) "a board" means either the Board of Fisheries or the Board of Game;

(4) "commercial fisherman" means an individual who fishes commercially for, takes, or attempts to take fish, shellfish, or other fishery resources of the state by any means, and includes every individual aboard a boat operated for fishing purposes who participates directly or indirectly in the taking of these raw fishery products, whether participation is on shares or as an employee or otherwise; however, this definition does not apply to anyone aboard a licensed vessel as a visitor or guest who does not directly or indirectly participate in the taking; "commercial fisherman" includes the crews of tenders or other floating craft used in transporting fish, but does not include processing workers on floating fish processing vessels who do not operate fishing gear or engage in activities related to navigation or operation of the vessel; in this paragraph "operate fishing gear" means to deploy or remove gear from state water, remove fish from gear during an open fishing season or period, or possess a gill net containing fish during an open fishing period;

(5) "commercial fishing" means the taking, fishing for, or possession of fish, shellfish, or other fishery resources with the intent of disposing of them for profit, or by sale, barter, trade, or in commercial channels; the failure to have a valid subsistence permit in possession, if required by statute or regulation, is considered prima facie evidence of commercial fishing if commercial fishing gear as specified by regulation is involved in the taking, fishing for, or possession of fish, shellfish, or other fish resources;

(6) "commissioner" means the commissioner of fish and game unless specifically provided otherwise;

(7) "customary and traditional" means the noncommercial, long-term, and consistent taking of, use of, and reliance upon fish or game in a specific area and the use patterns of that fish or game that have been established over a reasonable period of time taking into consideration the availability of the fish or game;

(8) "customary trade" means the limited noncommercial exchange, for minimal amounts of cash, as restricted by the appropriate board, of fish or game resources; the terms of this paragraph do not restrict money sales of furs and furbearers.

(9) "department" means the Department of Fish and Game unless specifically provided otherwise;

(10) "domestic mammals" include musk oxen, bison, and reindeer, if they are lawfully owned;

(11) "domicile" means the true and permanent home of a person from which the person has no present intention of moving and to which the person intends to return whenever the person is away; domicile may be proved by presenting evidence acceptable to the boards of fisheries and game;

(12) "fish" means any species of aquatic finfish, invertebrate, or amphibian, in any stage of its life cycle, found in or introduced into the state, and includes any part of such aquatic finfish, invertebrate, or amphibian;

(13) "fish derby" means a contest in which prizes are awarded for catching fish;

(14) "fishery" means a specific administrative area in which a specific fishery resource is taken with a specific type of gear; however, the Board of Fisheries may designate a fishery to include more than one specific administrative area, type of gear, or fishery resource; in this paragraph

(A) "gear" means the specific apparatus used in the harvest of a fishery resource; and

(B) "type of gear" means an identifiable classification of gear and may include

(i) classifications for which separate regulations are adopted by the Board of Fisheries or for which separate gear licenses were required by former AS 16.05.550 - 16.05.630; and

(ii) distinct subclassifications of gear such as "power" troll gear and "hand" troll gear or sport gear and guided sport gear;

(15) "fish or game farming" means the business of propagating, breeding, raising, or producing fish or game in captivity for the purpose of marketing the fish or game or their products, and "captivity" means having the fish or game under positive control, as in a pen, pond, or an area of land or water that is completely enclosed by a generally escape-proof barrier; in this paragraph, "fish" does not include shellfish, as defined in AS 16.40.199;

(16) "fish stock" means a species, subspecies, geographic grouping or other category of fish manageable as a unit;

(17) "fur dealing" means engaging in the business of buying, selling, or trading in animal skins, but does not include the sale of animal skins by a trapper or hunter who has legally taken the animal, or the purchase of animal skins by a person, other than a fur dealer, for the person's own use;

(18) "game" means any species of bird, reptile, and mammal, including a feral domestic animal, found or introduced in the state, except domestic birds and mammals; and game may be classified by regulation as big game, small game, fur bearers or other categories considered essential for carrying out the intention and purposes of AS 16.05 - AS 16.40;

(19) "game population" means a group of game animals of a single species or subgroup manageable as a unit;

(20) "hunting" means the taking of game under AS 16.05 - AS 16.40 and the regulations adopted under those chapters;

(21) "nonresident" means a person who is not a resident of the state;

(22) "nonresident alien" means a person who is not a citizen of the United States and whose permanent place of abode is not in the United States;

(23) "operator" means the individual by law made responsible for the operation of the vessel;

(24) "personal use fishing" means the taking, fishing for, or possession of finfish, shellfish, or other fishery resources, by Alaska residents for personal use and not for sale or barter, with gill or dip net, seine, fish wheel, long line, or other means defined by the Board of Fisheries;

(25) "person with physical disabilities" means a person who presents to the department either written proof that the person receives at least 70 percent disability compensation from a government agency for a physical disability or an affidavit signed by a physician licensed to practice medicine in the state stating that the person is at least 70 percent physically disabled;

(26) "resident" means

(A) a person who for the 12 consecutive months immediately preceding the time when the assertion of residence is made has maintained the person's domicile in the state and who is neither claiming residency in another state, territory, or country nor obtaining benefits under a claim of residency in another state, territory, or country;

(B) a partnership, association, joint stock company, trust, or corporation that has its main office or headquarters in the state; a natural person who does not otherwise qualify as a resident under this paragraph may not qualify as a resident by virtue of an interest in a partnership, association, joint stock company, trust, or corporation;

(C) a member of the military service, or United States Coast Guard, who has been stationed in the state for the 12 consecutive months immediately preceding the time when the assertion of residence is made;

(D) a person who is the dependent of a resident member of the military service, or the United States Coast Guard, and who has lived in the state for the 12 consecutive months immediately preceding the time when the assertion of residence is made; or

(E) an alien who for the 12 consecutive months immediately preceding the time when the assertion of residence is made has maintained the person's domicile in the state and who is neither claiming residency in another state, territory, or country nor obtaining benefits under a claim of residency in another state, territory, or country;

(27) "rural area" means a community or area of the state in which the noncommercial, customary, and traditional use of fish or game for personal or family consumption is a principal characteristic of the economy of the community or area;

(28) "seizure" means the actual or constructive taking or possession of real or personal property subject to seizure under AS 16.05 - AS 16.40 by an enforcement or investigative officer charged with enforcement of the fish and game laws of the state;

(29) "sport fishing" means the taking of or attempting to take for personal use, and not for sale or barter, any fresh water, marine, or anadromous fish by hook and line held in the hand, or by hook and line with the line attached to a pole or rod which is held in the hand or closely attended, or by other means defined by the Board of Fisheries;

(30) "subsistence fishing" means the taking of, fishing for, or possession of fish, shellfish, or other fisheries resources by a resident domiciled in a rural area of the state for subsistence uses with gill net, seine, fish wheel, long line, or other means defined by the Board of Fisheries;

(31) "subsistence hunting" means the taking of, hunting for, or possession of game by a resident domiciled in a rural area of the state for subsistence uses by means defined by the Board of Game;

(32) "subsistence uses" means the noncommercial, customary and traditional uses of wild, renewable resources by a resident domiciled in a rural area of the state for direct personal or family consumption as food, shelter, fuel, clothing, tools, or transportation, for the making and selling of handicraft articles out of nonedible by-products of fish and wildlife resources taken for personal or family consumption, and for the customary trade, barter, or sharing for personal or family consumption; in this paragraph, "family" means persons related by blood, marriage, or adoption, and a person living in the household on a permanent basis;

(33) "take" means taking, pursuing, hunting, fishing, trapping, or in any manner disturbing, capturing, or killing or attempting to take, pursue, hunt, fish, trap, or in any manner capture or kill fish or game;

(34) "taxidermy" means tanning, mounting, processing, or other treatment or preparation of fish or game, or any part of fish or game, as a trophy, for monetary gain, including the receiving of the fish or game or parts of fish or game for such purposes;

(35) "trapping" means the taking of mammals declared by regulation to be fur bearers;

(36) "vessel" means a floating craft powered, towed, rowed, or otherwise propelled, which is used for delivering, landing, or taking fish within the jurisdiction of the state, but does not include aircraft.


• ALASKA STAT. §92.030 - POSSESSION OF WOLF HYBRID PROHIBITED.

(1) It is unlawful, without a permit issued by the department, for a person to possess, transport, sell, advertise or otherwise offer for sale, purchase, or offer to purchase a wolf hybrid.

(2) It is an affirmative defense to a prosecution for illegal possession of a wolf hybrid under this section that

(A) the person possessed the wolf hybrid as a pet before January 23, 2002;

(B) by July 1, 2002, the wolf hybrid is

(i) registered with a national registry, approved by the department, by the implantation of a microchip; and

(ii) properly spayed or neutered;

(iii) the owner of the wolf hybrid has current and accurate licensing, vaccination, including rabies vaccination, and spay/neuter records, and has made the records available for inspection by animal control officers and other enforcement officers;

(iv) beginning Jan. 23, 2002, the wolf hybrid has not been transferred to any person, other than an immediate family member of the person who owned the wolf hybrid on Jan. 23, 2002; and

(v) if the wolf hybrid has bitten a person, the wolf hybrid is immediately surrendered to the local authorities for any action determined appropriate by the authorities.

(3) For purposes of this section,

(A) "immediate family member" has the meaning given in AS 39.52.960;

(B) "wolf hybrid" includes

(i) the offspring from a mating of a wolf or wolf hybrid with a dog or another wolf hybrid; and

(ii) an animal represented to be a wolf or part wolf by any name or description.

Also see:

Legislation
Legislation
Legislation